Perceptions towards companies and forest conservation in two villages of Uut Murung, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

Hoeing 2015a

Abstract

An increasing number of companies in industries such as mining or logging with forest conversion plans, are advancing into remote areas in the interior of Kalimantan. This study investigates attitudes of local villagers towards those companies. We conducted a two months expedition to two villages in the sub-district of Uut Murung, Murung Raya, Kalimantan, Indonesia, where the social science team completed questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Factors potentially influencing attitudes towards companies were analysed using step-wise linear regression, as well as perceived benefits and disadvantages for respondent’s livelihoods. In addition, perceptions of the importance of conservation were assessed. Our results show that gender, age, the belief in forest spirits and the number of advantages named, significantly influenced the attitude towards companies. We found communities generally highly receptive to economic development but hostile to environmental degradation, suggesting a difficult trade off between conservation and development. Communities desire the protection of livelihoods and sources of environmental income but also the investment and infrastructure development associated with extractive industries. To find a balance between economic interests from company investments and conservation of the area, we suggest a trans-disciplinary approach which includes different actors – academic and non academic – to be able to protect biodiversity and livelihoods by creating transformation knowledge.

Abstrak

Peningkatan jumlah perusahaan dengan rencana alih fungsi hutan dalam berbagai industri seper petambangan dan pengusahaan hutan, semakin mendesak ke bagian daerah terpencil di pedalaman Kalimantan. Peneli an ini mengkaji sikap masyarakat lokal terhadap perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut. Kegiatan dilakukan dengan melakukan ekspedisi selama dua bulan ke dua desa pada kecamatan Uut Murung, Murung Raya, Kalimantan Indonesia, kelompok m sosial melakukan kajian dengan kuisioner dan wawancara semi terstruktur. Faktor-faktor yang mungkin mempengaruhi sikap masyarakat terhadap perusahaan tersebut dianalisa, termasuk keuntungan dan kerugian yang didapat untuk kehidupan responden. Selain itu, dilakukan juga penilaian terhadap persepsi pen ngnya konservasi. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa jenis kelamin, umur, kepercayaan dan jumlah bentuk keuntungan yang didapat mempengaruhi sikap mereka terhadap perusahaan. Untuk menemukan keseimbangan antara keuntungan ekonomi yang didapatkan perusahaan dan konservasi daerah ini, kami menyarankan perlunya pendekatan lintas disiplin ilmu yang melibatkan berbagai pihak, baik akademisi maupun non akademisi untuk bisa melakukan perlindungan keanekaragaman haya dan kehidupan masyarakat dengan melakukan transformasi pengetahuan

 

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